3rd Sunday of Advent C
Shout for joy.....Sing joyfully,....Be glad and exult with all your heart,
Cry out with joy and gladness: for among you is the great and Holy One of Israel
I am confident and unafraid. My strength and my courage is the LORD
Rejoice in the Lord always. I shall say it again: rejoice!
By prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, make your requests known to God.
In my family, do we sing?
What does it mean to be joyful?
How can I act more justly?
Study and Exegesis
We get some affirmations today from Paul and John the Baptist. Let me name a few:
- I can repent and change my life
- I can experience God’s peace in challenging times
- God’s good work is moving through my life
- I pray and experience God’s nearness in every situation
- I am grateful for God’s bounty in all circumstances
- God is constantly giving me new possibilities and the energy to embody them
-Read and listen to Dr. Scott Hahn's reflections on this Sunday's readings-
What Do We Do?
The people in today’s Gospel are “filled with
expectation.” They believe John the Baptist might be the Messiah they’ve
been waiting for. Three times we hear their question: “What then should
The Messiah’s coming requires every man and woman to choose - to “repent” or not. That’s John’s message and it will be Jesus’ too (see Luke 3:3; 5:32; 24:47).
“Repentance” translates a Greek word, metanoia (literally, “change of mind”). In the Scriptures, repentance is presented as a two-fold “turning” - away from sin (see Ezekiel 3:19; 18:30) and toward God (see Sirach 17:20-21; Hosea 6:1).
This “turning” is more than attitude adjustment. It means a radical life-change. It requires “good fruits as evidence of your repentance” (see Luke 3:8). That’s why John tells the crowds, soldiers and tax collectors they must prove their faith through works of charity, honesty and social justice.
In today’s Liturgy, each of us is being called to stand in that crowd and hear the “good news” of John’s call to repentance. We should examine our lives, ask from our hearts as they did: “What should we do?” Our repentance should spring, not from our fear of coming wrath (see Luke 3:7-9), but from a joyful sense of the nearness of our saving God.
This theme resounds through today’s readings: “Rejoice!...The Lord is near. Have no anxiety at all,” we hear in today’s Epistle. In today’s Responsorial, we hear again the call to be joyful, unafraid at the Lord’s coming among us.
In today’s First Reading, we hear echoes of the angel’s Annunciation to Mary. The prophet’s words are very close to the angel’s greeting (compare Luke 1:28-31). Mary is the Daughter Zion - the favored one of God, told not to fear but to rejoice that the Lord is with her, “a mighty Savior.”
She is the cause of our joy. For in her draws near the Messiah, as John had promised: “One mightier than I is coming.”Yours in Christ,
Scott Hahn, Ph.D.
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